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Topic: The Son of Consolation

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The Son of Consolation


And Joses, who by the Apostles was surnamed Barnabas, (which is, being interpreted, the Son of Consolation,) a Levite of the country of Cyprus, having land, sold it, and brought the money, and laid it at the Apostles' feet...

I wanted to submit some information that I feel shows that the writer of the book of Hebrews, contrary to popular opinion, is Barnabus and not the Apostle Paul.

It probably isn't that critical for, ultimately, the book was written by the Holy Spirit regardless of human authorship. However, in all fairness, the true authorship should be recognized by the Church, and credit given where due.

There are three primary sources for establishing the correct view and each one, in and of itself, carries enough weight to warrant another look. But taken altogether they make the case as solid as can be this far into the future from when it was first penned.

The Sacred Testimony

The oldest record that we have of the authorship of the book comes from Tertullian (2nd cent AD) who stated that the author of the book was Barnabus. Considering that he lived only two hundred years after the writing of the book, then his testimony is much more weighty then that of Scholars who lived two thousand years later, and who are trying to prove a preconceived theory of the authorship.

It would be like me saying Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence and then, eighteen hundred years later, scholars questioning that and saying that they really think George Washington actually wrote it. Though many people would like to think that Washington as the father of this country was actually the writer of that letter, the truth is, he did not. The more ancient the source, the more weight the testimony carries.

The Secular Testimony

When secular science is in accord with the facts, then its testimony bears important weight in and of itself, primarily because it is unbiased and, therefore, should be welcomed and not rejected. The authors of the book "Kourion" (the ancient name for Cyprus) have presented much circumstantial evidence that strongly indicates that Barnabus is the author.

Unfortunately, I don't recall their names [1], nor the details of the information, but for those interested they can research this avenue (look under Barnabus in the index) which will not disappoint them.

When I get some time I will research that again and post their points here. But, one of the main points, if memory serves, is that the Islanders themselves have ancient traditions as to the authorship of that letter. Many people are unaware of the fact that Barnabus went to Rome and founded that Church there before either Paul or Peter and that he also founded the one in Alexandria with John Mark, I believe.

The Scriptural Testimony

By far, however, the strongest evidence to the authorship of the epistle is from the Scriptures themselves. It is obvious to me that a casual reading of the book will make one very obvious point that is strongly in Barnabus' favor, and that is that the author of the book was intimately acquainted with the Priesthood in Israel. In other words, this book could not have been written by a Pharisee (as was Paul) but must have been written by a Priest, as Barnabus was as the verse at the top of the post points out.

Though the theology is as deep as Paul's, it still has the touch of a Levite to it, and not a Lawyer. The similarities with Paul's writing is easily accounted for when we realize that at the very beginning of Paul's ministry to the Gentiles, Barnabus was his fellow laborer and the Theology that Paul presents to the Gentile Church was developed between the conversations that he undoubtedly had with Barnabus concerning the life of Messiah and the call to the Gentiles. They developed their own peculiar theological positions together, and thus the correspondences between the two.

This can actually be emphasized by the fact that when Paul first started out it was by denying the Divinity of Y'shua and then, when he got saved, he retreated to the Pharisee's understanding that, at the ascension Messiah will become "The Son of God" and Paul concluded that was when Y'shua became divine and this comes out in his speeches in the book of Acts, if memory serves. However, by the end of his ministry he had realized that, in fact, Y'shua was God by conception and birth and pre-existence, as he testifies in the letter to Phillipeans. Barnabus, on the other hand, proclaims from the beginning the belief that Y'shua was the Son from birth cause the Levites were not hung up on the theology that the Pharisees were. This shows the difference in authorship of these epistles.

Thus, taken altogether these three points make the case for Barnabus as the author of the book of Hebrews. I also wanted to point out that, in my opinion, Barnabus (as described in the above verses) thus possibly becomes a type of the Male Child of the Book of Revelation, and thus not surprisingly focuses on the High Priestly Ministry of Y'shua Messiah. And in doing so adds some insight to his being the Son of Consolation.

1 Kourion : the search for a lost Roman city

David Soren and Jamie James, Anchor Press, New York, 1988


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